Benzene is a colorless, flammable, hydrocarbon liquid. It is part of the aromatic family and has a characteristic sweet odor. Benzene is a basic building block for further petrochemical processing, and is most often used to manufacture styrene, cyclohexane, and cumene.
SGF Energy Company LP produces benzene at the Van and Istanbul refineries. Benzene, along with other aromatics, is produced using a liquid-liquid extraction process. The Van refinery utilizes the Sulfolane process. The Istanbul refinery uses the Udex process with a Carom co-solvent.
Benzene can be transported from both Van and Istanbul via barge.